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End-Use Efficiency


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Table of Contents

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Major Topic Sections

Fossil-fueled Power
Non-Fossil Generation
End-Use Efficiency
Electricity T&D
Carbon Sequestration
Non-CO2 Reductions
Other GHG Reductions

Related topics in this section

Conservation & DSM
Solar Water Heating
Geo. Heat Pumps


 End-Use Energy Efficiency Improvements


Among the three segments of the electric energy system – generation, delivery, and end use – end use offers the greatest near-term potential for large increases in efficiency and avoided GHG emissions or net reductions in GHG emissions. Improved end-use technologies and practices can be substituted for less efficient ones, thereby reducing electricity demand, electric generation, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Utilities can influence electric end use through demand-side management (DSM) technologies and practices that are intended to reduce the total demand for electricity and/or produce changes in a utility's load shape that result in a net reduction or avoidance of greenhouse gas emissions and savings for the customer. DSM programs consist of the planning, implementing, and monitoring activities of electric utilities that are designed to encourage consumers to modify their level and pattern of electricity usage.

The following pages offer additional information on these classes of end-use efficiency improvements: 

  Conservation & Demand-Side Management (DSM) – Commercial, Residential, and Industrial
  Solar Water Heating
  Geothermal Heat Pump

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 Power Partners Projects

Note: Most Power Partners
projects within this section will likely be listed under one of the specific topics. Projects described below are those that relate to the section contents more broadly.

(none yet submitted)

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 References, Sources, and Other Useful Data

Resources and links specific to individual topics within this section are listed separately for that topic’s web page. The Resource links shown below are more cross-cutting, and relate to end-use efficiency improvements in general. Additional resources are provided for the specific topic areas indicated by the link bar on the left of this page.


American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE)

The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy is a nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing energy efficiency as a means of promoting both economic prosperity and environmental protection. ACEEE's program areas include Energy Policy, Buildings and Equipment, Utilities, Industry, Transportation, International, and Communications and Conferences.

Edison Electric Institute, "Energy Efficiency"

Using electricity wisely is good for the environment, saves money in your home and business, and keeps our nation's electricity supply more reliable. EEI's home page for energy efficiency information links to a number of topics on energy efficiency, including industry initiatives, emerging technologies, electric company energy-efficiency programs, success stories, and more.

Edison Electric Institute, "Get Energy Active"

This website, sponsored by the Edison Electric Institute (EEI), is aimed primarily at residential consumers and educating them about the wise use of electricity and steps they can take. Topics covered include the value of electricity, climate change, wise use of electricity, investing in the future, getting involved, and others. Discussion boards and links to videos and interactive maps extend and tailor the content to the user's needs. Read their monthly newsletters to learn why a smart electric future benefits us all.

Edison Electric Institute, "More Than 100 Ways to Improve Your Electric Bill” (updated April 2009)

The way you use electricity at home offers great opportunities for using energy wisely. This booklet offers you more than 100 ways to improve your electric bill by saving energy in the major areas of home heating, cooling, lighting, cooking, dishwashing, water heating, clothes washing, clothes drying, and refrigeration. This updated version also includes information on Federal tax credits for energy efficiency improvements, expanded in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), passed in February 2009.

European Commission, “End-Use Energy Efficiency Activities at the European Commission”

Improving the efficiency with which energy is consumed by end-users is a central theme of energy policy within the European Community, since improved energy efficiency meets all three goals of energy policy, namely security of supply, competitiveness and protection of the environment. This is emphasized in the Commission Green Paper Towards a European Strategy for Energy Supply, which highlights the central role of energy efficiency for increasing the security of supply and reducing greenhouse gasses emissions. 

Pew Center on Global Climate Change, "Corporate Energy Efficiency Project"

The Pew Center’s Corporate Energy Efficiency project is a multi-year research and communications effort to identify and highlight the most effective methods used by companies today to reduce their energy consumption and lower their related greenhouse gas emissions. Particular emphasis is given to management approaches that companies have implemented to improve their energy performance across five categories: Internal Operations; Buildings; Supply Chains; Products and Services; and Cross-cutting Issues. Project activities include a survey on corporate energy efficiency strategies, workshops, a comprehensive report, major conference, and this web portal to continuously inform on corporate energy efficiency strategies.

U.S. Climate Change Technology Program, “Reducing Emissions from Energy End-Use and Infrastructure” (from U.S. Climate Change Technology Program Research and Current Activities, dated November 2003)

Opportunities to reduce emissions exist in almost every segment of the economy where there are vast technical possibilities to improve energy end-use efficiency. CCTP’s report, U.S. Climate Change Technology Program: Research and Current Activities, highlights some of the Bush Administration's actions and profiles a number of promising, cutting-edge technologies found in today's robust U.S. climate change technology portfolio.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, “Rebuild America” (Oct. 2003)

Rebuild America is a network of hundreds of community-based partnerships formed to save energy, improve building performance, and ease air pollution by reducing the demand for energy. They aim to enhance the quality of life through energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. Created by DOE in 1994, Rebuild America serves as a mechanism for revitalization and job creation in many U.S. communities. DOE's State Energy Program (SEP) supports the work of state energy offices to increase the energy efficiency of residential buildings. State activities include demonstrating new energy efficiency technologies and construction techniques such as whole building design, and provide homeowners access to financing for energy efficiency projects. Many states combine their own money with funding from DOE's State Energy Program and the private sector to support their energy projects. The State Energy Program plays an important role, but the states decide the direction and scope of their energy programs. Technology programs in DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) work with the states via the State Energy Program's annual solicitation called Special Projects. Project descriptions from state energy offices are published bimonthly in the State Energy Program's newsletter Conservation Update.

U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, “Electric Power Annual 2007” (Jan. 2009)

Released in January 2009, this EIA report includes data and trends on electric demand, retail customers and sales, and demand-side management savings. Chapter 9 of the report compiles summary statistics from Form EIA-861 on DSM capacity load reductions, energy savings and costs.

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Last revised: Dec. 11, 2009.